A marriage certificate is a legal proof and record that two people are legally married under Indian laws. In India, a marriage can be registered either under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 or under the Special Marriage Act, 1954. In the year 2006, the Supreme Court of India made it mandatory to register the marriage for women protection as there have been cases where the man denies of marriage abandoning the wife and then there is no evidence with the women to prove that a marriage took place. Therefore, it is a requirement to register marriages as soon as one takes place.
Benefits of a Marriage Certificate
- A marriage certificate is extremely helpful in obtaining visas for both the husband and the wife.
- The widows can claim inheritance if they have a valid marriage certificate.
- Such certificate acts as a discouragement for the husbands abandoning their wives.
- It can also be used to check polygamy or bigamy.
- This certificate assists women to exercise their rights of asylum from husband and for custody of children.
- If a person applies for a bank account or passport, the marriage certificate is needed.
- As the foreign embassies in India as well as in the outside countries, do not recognize the traditional marriages, the marriage certificate becomes a must document to travel abroad.
- Enables a spouse in claiming life insurance return or bank deposits in case of demise of the Insurer or depositor without any nominee.
- Proof of Address- It can include driving license, ration card, voter ID or the Passport.
- Two passport size photographs of each with a marriage photograph
- Completely filled application form by both husband and the wife
- Separate marriage affidavits from husband and wife in the prescribed format
- Aadhaar card of both husband and the wife
- A document should be submitted, which shall prove the date of birth of both.
- All the submitted documents should be self-attested.
- A marriage invitation card is also required to be given in the marriage certificate office.
Procedure to obtain a Marriage Certificate
- To get a marriage certificate, the application should be submitted at the office of the sub-divisional magistrate in whose jurisdiction the husband or wife resides on any working day.
- The application should be duly filled and signed by both the parties involved.
- Verification of all the submitted documents is carried out on the day of application and a day is fixed for the appointment and communicated to the parties of registration.
- On the said day, both parties, along with a Gazetted Officer who attended their marriage, need to be present before the ADM. The Certificate is issued on the same day.
As the country is going digital, the registration of marriage has also started online, so that people can easily get certificates, and less time is consumed.
- Select the district you live in and continue.
- Fill in the husband’s details and choose the option of “Marriage Certificate.”
- Fill all the details asked in the form correctly and choose the date of the appointment.
- Click on “Submit Application”.
- A temporary number will be allotted to the applicant, and that same number will be found printed on the acknowledgement slip, and then the application form is done.
- It is advisable to take a printout of the acknowledgement slip as well.
In the case of the Hindu Marriage Act, you will get an appointment within 15 days of the online registration, but in the case of Special Marriage Act, it may take up to 60 days. Therefore, when someone who is married under the special marriage act, wants a certificate, the couple should make sure to register before a stipulated amount of time.
Any person who has witnessed the wedding of the couple can be a witness in the process of the marriage certificate. It is essential for the witness to even have a PAN card and a document to show the address proof.
Faster way- “TATKAL” Marriage Certificate:-
The Revenue Department of Delhi government in April 2014 introduced a “tatkal” service ensuring a single-day approval, authorisation and grant of marriage certificate under which the registration process will be taken on a priority basis. The service, which became operational on April 22, 2014, enables citizens to register their nuptials and get a certificate issued within 24 hours on payment of Rs. 10,000 as a fee.
Apart from this, the marriage registration fees for Hindu Marriage Act is Rs.100, and for the Special Marriage Act, the fees are Rs.150.
As the Supreme Court has made it mandatory to register for the marriage certificates in the year 2006, there might be couples married before, who might not have applied for the registration certificates. To avoid any legal consequences or conflicts in the future, it is advisable to apply for the certificate as soon as possible. Once, a certificate is obtained by the couple. They can enjoy enormous benefits and advantages of it.