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Effective ways to stop Ragging
  • By: admin
  • Date: 12 Feb 2020
  • Ragging
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In India, ragging is prevailing since a long time, no doubts there are laws to prevent the victimization, but the question that resists defusing is what we can do on upfront to fight against this social evil? The law is acting in its way, but can we as a society and as a youth, add our contribution to prevent the ragging? The answer is YES because it is agreed that prevention is better than cure.


The guidelines that can help to avoid ragging are as follows:

Counselling of Students - Most of the students in colleges are not that comfortable to talk about the incident they are going through, with their parents. Each College must have a counselling cell with the teachers on the board. The counsellor shall help the students to talk and open up about their sufferings and problems faced.

CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) - Some of the colleges are updating themselves by installing the CCTV cameras in corridors, washrooms, classrooms, playgrounds, etc. With this move in technology, knowing that we are watched in CCTV's, it is tough to do ragging with any of the students.

Discussions and Interactions - Discussions and Interactions are crucial, especially on serious topics like ragging. The college can arrange for interactive sessions of junior and senior students on different issues.

Punishments or Penalty - Ragging happens when the culprit knows the lenient nature of the management of the college, if the punishments are made more stringent, then it could be tough for the person committing the crime of ragging.

Picturing the reality - Most of the students thinks ragging as fun without realizing its effect on the victim. Therefore, the colleges can arrange a documentary film on the topic of ragging to make students understand the pain.

A squad of Anti-Ragging - The management of college and teachers can form a team to fight against ragging. The team should consist of students pertaining to different grades, genders and social, economic background.

Role of Parents and Teachers - Parents and teachers can club themselves together and find the way by taking the wards into confidence.  Any distressed response of the student should be reported to their parents immediately. Parents need to take care of indications like crying spells, refusing to talk, injuries, etc. by the children. They can communicate about the same with the class teacher or college authorities and in extreme cases with the police.

College Authorities - Authorities are also bound to set up anti-Ragging cells at the college, which can offer counselling and lessons of human rights. College can organize interactive sessions between senior and junior students to build a rapport.  Teachers need to have a personal bond with students to understand their problem.

Senior Students - The senior students of the college are bound by the undertaking that they sign upon admission, to abstain from ragging. The student union and other bodies can form the squads for anti-Ragging to persuade their peers and to keep them away from it and make aware of the Anti-Ragging laws.

Fresher - They must be aware of what constitutes ragging and also about their rights. Knowledge about anti-Ragging cells, helpline numbers, counselling centres etc. is mandatory, and they mustn't hesitate to use them if needed. The students can use RTI methods to get contact number of parents of the person responsible for ragging and can intervene them.

Civil Society - NGOs like CURE, SAVE, Aman Movement etc. must be made part of the mechanism of anti-Ragging of the college and allowed to use their knowledge to curb the malice.

Moreover, the government can use print media, NGOs, TV, radio etc. to spread awareness about the ragging. In a broader canvas, the government can take the essential steps to avoid the intake of addictive drugs and alcohol on the campus, which serves into incidents of ragging.

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Anti-Ragging Laws In India

By: admin Ragging 18 Apr 2019

Ragging is originally a concept from the west and was generally a kind of interaction between seniors and juniors in schools and colleges. But, such communications, have taken a fierce, inhuman and anti-social, form at times. Many of the highly reputed colleges and institutions have a disturbing tale related to it. It has social, physical, political-economic academic and physiological dimensions.

Ragging under laws in India defined as:

(i) Any disorderly conduct either by acts or words spoken, gestures, which results in teasing, handling with rudeness to any pupil.

(ii) Any undisciplined or rowdy activity, which causes harm.

(iii) Raises fear in the minds of junior students.

(iv) Asking the students to perform something, which such student will not do in the ordinary course, which can cause shame or embarrassment and adversely affect the physique or psyche of a junior student.

The Indian laws which keep checking on the practice of ragging in India, are:

  1. Indian Penal Code, 1860
  2. UGC regulations by name, UGC Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging in Higher Educational Institutions, 2009
  3. Other institute specific regulations.

Punishments under Indian Penal Code, 1860 for ragging

The institution must register FIR for every incident of ragging or abetment of ragging. IPC provisions which can be used by a student to register an FIR are:-

Section 294 – Obscene acts and songs
Section 299 – Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder
Section 323 – punishment for voluntarily causing hurt
Section 324 – intentionally causing destroyed by dangerous weapon or means
Section 325 – provides for punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt
Section 326 – provides for voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapon
Section 339 – Wrongful Restraint
Section 340 – Wrongful Confinement
Section 341 – Punishment for Wrongful Restraint
Section 342 – Punishment for Wrongful Confinement

Anti-Ragging Committee: Every institution must establish a committee by name the Anti-Ragging Committee. Head of the institution to be nominated as the head, and consisting of representatives of police administration, local media, NGOs involved in youth activities, representatives of faculty members, representatives of parents, representatives of students belonging to the fresher’s as well as senior students, non-teaching staff; and shall have a mix membership of levels as well as gender. The Anti-Ragging Committee has to ensure compliance with the provisions of the law and regulations concerning ragging to stop the menace of ragging. The College has to submit to weekly reports on anti-ragging status to the Vice-Chancellor of the University.

FIR: The guidelines lay down that when any information regarding any reported incident of ragging, the Head of the institution shall immediately determine, if a case falls under the penal laws and if so, by himself or through a member of the Committee, proceed to file a First Information Report (FIR), within twenty-four hours of receipt of such information.

Consequences of Ragging-

(i) Cancellation of admission
(ii) Suspension from attending classes
(iii) Withholding/withdrawing scholarship and other benefits
(iv) Debarring from appearing in exam/another evaluation manner
(v) Withholding the results/mark sheets.
(vi) Debarring the student from representing the institution in any festival.
(vii) Suspension from hostel
(viii) Restriction for 1 to 4 years from the institution.
(ix) Expulsion from the institution and debarring from admission in any other institution.
(x) Fine as per the laws.

Conclusion: The primary responsibility to curb ragging vests with the educational institutions. There is a requirement for the participation of media and society as well. Hon’ble Supreme Court has rightly observed that by, declaring ragging as a cognizable offence will not restrain ragging, as the students going to educational institutions should not be subjected to live under the apprehension of police. However, given the recent impact on the students, these guidelines to curb the menace of ragging were put in place. The Court also has been given responsibility to ensure that there is speedy disposal of these matters. The strict implementation of these laws can only wipe the memories of the adverse impact of ragging.

Note: To learn more about the laws and procedures, you can contact us at Legato app where we help you in connecting with experienced lawyers who can assist you with the documentation and procedural aspects.

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