Aviation Accident Laws pertain to the formulation of policies, implementation and regulation for the growth and expansion of air transport, aeroplane crashes, air traffic, etc. Travelling by aeroplane is still one of the safest forms of transportation, and aeroplane crashes are infrequent, they do still happen occasionally. When they do, the specific area of law governs whereabouts of the accident both literal and figurative.
Nowadays, the use of air transport is a part of life, whereas the primary concern for the aviation industry is the safety of people. Various systems are established under the different acts for the safety of people.
Families those killed in the accident as well as the survivors are brought to a broad range of legal suits against the responsible airline, aircraft manufacturer, pilot or others. The Aviation laws are similar to personal injury, and obviously, the claims mainly rely upon determining the cause of the accident. The Accident may cause due to pilot error, mechanical failures or any of the defective parts.
The Ministry of Civil Aviation is the ministry responsible for the formulation of policy and regulation of civil aviation in India. The MCA oversees the planning and implementation of the schemes for the growth and extension of civil air transport, airport facilities, air traffic services and carriage of passengers and goods by air.
The principal regulatory authorities functioning under the authority of MCA are Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Airports Authority of India, Airport Economic Regulatory Authority, the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security.
The events of investigation of incident and accident are governed by the Aircraft (Investigation of Accidents and Incidents) Rules 2012. The Rules are provided to the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau of India in order to inquire into the occurrence of accidents or incidents.
When after completion of the investigation, any new and material evidence becomes available, the central government may direct the reopening of the case or inquiry. The Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau maintains the database of a severe incident and accident to provides the same for inclusion in safety data being maintained by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, which is required to share their database with the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau regularly.
The AERA Appellate tribunal governs dispute between the service provider and consumer goods. Consumer disputes are taken up by the Consumer Redressal Forums under Consumer Protection Act, 1986. The type of court assigned is determined by the value of the dispute. Also, the type of dispute determines whether the matter is civil or criminal.