1). Trips, slips, and falls
Trips Slips and Falls amount for 1/3rd of all personal injuries are a top cause of workers’ compensation claims. The types of damages include head and back injuries, broken bones, cuts and lacerations, sprains and pulled muscles due to trips, slips, and falls.
The common reasons for falls in the workplace are:
Slips - Wet or oily surfaces, occasional spills, weather hazards, loose rugs or mats and flooring that lacks the appropriate degree of grip.
Trips - Obstructed view, poor lighting, clutter, wrinkled carpeting, uncovered cables, uneven walking surfaces and bottom drawers not closed.
There are three keys to prevent these accidents due to trips, slips, and falls such as good housekeeping, good quality walking surfaces, and proper footwear. Also, employees should be reminded to pay attention to where they are going and observe there surrounding. They should also report areas where clutter, obstruction, spillage or damage have taken place.
2). Struck by any moving machinery
Machinery which is not adequately guarded is a potential safety risk. When a person or his body parts get stuck in or struck by moving parts or floating objects from machines without protective guards, the results are often devastating. The list of machinery-related injuries includes long and horrifying incidents of crushed hands and arms, severed fingers, blindness and much worse.
3). Transportation and vehicle-related accidents
Vehicle-related accidents are the most regular cause of fatal injuries in the agriculture industry, but they can be equally disastrous in industrial or manufacturing environments as well. Where there are equipment, vehicles and large trucks, vehicle-related accidents may take place. These include being hit or run over by a moving vehicle, falling from a vehicle, being hit by objects falling from a vehicle and getting crushed by or stuck under an overturned vehicle.
There are two types of vehicle-related accidents;
On the road - workers can be injured or may die after being hit or run over by a vehicle while repairing roads or other work in traffic region.
At the workplace - operators of vehicles and equipment can get injured or cause injury to pedestrians.
4). Fire and explosions
Fires and explosions and account for 3% of workplace injuries and have the highest casualty rate of all probable workplace accidents. The cause for accidental fire and explosions in the workplace are, generally due to factors such as broken gas lines, poor pipefitting, improperly stored flammable substances or flames. The resulting injuries include varying degrees of burns and potential disfigurement and damage to the respiratory system.
The recommendation to help workers avoid fire and explosion injuries, every workplace must have an active alert system and evacuation plan in place to quickly inform everyone of hazards and emergencies, it is also necessary that material safety data sheets (MSDS) for chemical compounds should be kept handy and employees should always wear personal protective equipment.
This impacts on the employer financially, but the long-term effects on workers are often severe and potentially devastating.
Furthermore, RSIS (Repetitive Stress Injuries) are one of the fast-growing category injuries at the workplace and include more than 100 types of job-caused damages caused by wear and tear of the body. Both over-exertion and RSIS are severe to inhibit activities with devastating pain, not to mention severe impairment of movement. They may also eventually permanently impair a worker’s ability to perform his or her job.
The best way to protect the employees and help prevent accidents and injuries in your workplace is to take a comprehensive approach to workplace safety. It ensures employees have the proper and protective equipment and sufficient training to work, also ensure your facility is acquiescent with governmental and environmental regulations.