Diwali is termed as one of the most popular festivals in Hinduism. This festival depicts the victory of light over darkness, good over the evil. Every household, shops and other
establishments are illuminated for the period of five days during the festival. But, these days the celebration of Diwali is harming nature in a disastrous
Diwali includes a ritual of burning crackers throughout the country, which results in air and noise pollution. People in India, under the influence of such a ritual, burn
millions of crackers resulting in disastrous damage to the atmosphere. Considering the fact of the increasing population and the use of vehicles have
already degraded the climate to an alarming stage, various measures have been implemented or are in the process to reduce pollution, whereas crackers in
Diwali has proven to be an added disadvantage to the ecosystem.
Crackers and its harmful pollutant chemicals have been a principal cause of asthma, bronchitis and other lung diseases. Noise is an additional terrible element in the cracker,
causing pollution. Elders and kids especially suffer from a problem relating to noise such as hearing deficiency, mental stress, headache and many other
diseases. Crackers not just add air and noise pollution, but also lead to land pollution as the leftover of cracker results in degrading the quality of the land.
Statistically, the environmentalist says that one day of burning cracker in Diwali has proven to increase global warming amicably as compared to vehicles used by people in their day to day life.
There is an increase in the number of patients who got injured due to firecrackers in Delhi, the national capital region from the year 2002 to 2010. During the study period, the hospital received approximately one patient with firecracker-related injury per 100,000 population of the city.
73.02% of the victims were between 5–30 years old. The majority (90.87%) of them sustained with more than 5% burn on the body surface.
RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR CRACKERS IN DIWALI
At the time of Festival, the Apex court has refused the ban on burning the crackers but has curbed the use of crackers, that are harmful in nature.
Following are the reason for giving up a cracker in Diwali:
1. Smog: Firecrackers these days is a leading reason for smog in the country. The capital city of India has a principal victim for harm caused to Smog in the
2. Fire Accidents:
Accidents due to firecrackers these days are increasing in numbers, that is the reason why many sign/instructions are provided behind the crackers box. The
inflammatory nature of crackers has led to many accidents such as Kozhikode
accidents causing fire burns to manufacturers due to spark in the factory.
3. Child labour:
Manufacturers of crackers employ children in factories resulting in the child labour which is a violation of the fundamental right in Constitution.
on Kids and Pregnant Women: Dr Ashwini Nabar has claimed that burning of firecrackers in Diwali or general has led cause harm to pregnant
women. Such cracker many results in bad health of the child in the mother’s womb. The loud noise of cracker causes Tinnitus that led to sound like the ring
in ears longing for more than 24 hours.
It was said in Arjun Gopal v/s Union of India that firecrackers are proven to have a direct causal connection to air pollution; it was evident that the pollution was increased to
PM2.5 level, which a very serious matter to be considered. Gauri Maulekhi, an applicant has placed various evidence stating the ill effects on animal.
Studies and reports presented by her depict the profound
effect of noise/sound on the health of animals, extending to their neuroendocrine system, reproduction and development, metabolism, cardiovascular
health, cognition and sleep, audition, immune system, DNA integrity and gene expression. It has also been proven that noise pollution has led to temporary
or permanent hearing impairment in animals. In long judgment provided by the Supreme Court, it has made a law regulating firecracker and its administration in a more
stringent way than before. Also, with the consideration given to the festival and people’s demand for burning cracker, the court has curbed the use of it.
Tamil Nadu pollution control board has implemented a new rule; the board has provided the time slots for a burning cracker. Understanding the measures that
may help to have a harmonious construction of decision; the Supreme Court decided to refuse the blanket ban and introduce the green crackers.
Although a regulation as mentioned above in the Tamil Nadu judgement is not levied in all the states, if not legally, Indians should morally follow the judgement for
the betterment of the society and the generations to follow.